247884 Relationship violence among young urban Latino adults using a socio-ecological model to understand the role of family and community

Monday, October 31, 2011: 3:10 PM

Leslie L. Davidson, MD, MSc , Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY
Marina Catallozzi, MD , Department of Pediatrics and Department of Population and Family Health, Columbia University, New York City, NY
David Bell, MD MPH , Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY
Vaughn I. Rickert, PsyD , School of Medicine and Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN
Aim: to explore dating violence experienced by young Latino adults in urban communities marked by poverty, substandard housing and limited job opportunities, through focusing on conflict as it relates to couple, family and social roles in the context of the community and features of the built environment. Methods: Ninety of 250 Latino young adults screened in clinics in Latino neighborhoods were positive for relationship violence (as perpetrator, recipient or both) in their current relationship. Of these, 20 men and 20 women participated in semi-structured interviews exploring violence in their current relationship, including family and community context. Interviews were conducted in Spanish and English, transcribed, coded and then analyzed data using NVivo. Results: The narratives provide an understanding of the dynamics of young adult relationship violence in the context of an urban community, and how social and cultural norms affect the occurrence and direction(s) of violence. Participants revealed how relationship violence was influenced by gendered expectations regarding group and couple social behavior as well as differential rights to inhabit public spaces. Additionally, interviewees underscored how the lack of both privacy and social space in the built environment exacerbated ongoing and unresolved conflict. Conclusions: These narratives bring into relief the dynamic interplay between factors operating on multiple levels, the individual, the couple, peers, family and community including culturally driven social norms. These factors map easily onto a socio-ecological model suggesting that social and spatial interventions may have positive impact in reducing relationship confict and therefore minimize triggers leading to violence.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Identify dyadic, family, peer and community factors that may support, exacerbate, mitigate, and/or protect against aggression, conflict, or violence among young Latino adults; Demonstrate how a socio-ecological model assists in synthesizing knowledge to facilitate the development of best practice interventions in Latino communities to prevent dating violence among young Latino adults in our study; Discuss implications for community based prevention models and policy initiatives in the light of cultural, community and built environment factors underpinning conflictual approaches to relationships (i.e. gender, race, ethnicity, immigration status, neighborhood context);

Keywords: Community Involvement, Domestic Violence

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I was the principal investigator on the project and led the planning and design. I have studied partner violence for over ten years and have conducted studies on partner violence and dating violence in adolescents and young adults
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.