249409 Work Accidents in Spain after the last Legal Reforms

Wednesday, November 2, 2011

José Aureliano Martín Segura, PhD, Prof , Department of Management, Granada University, Ceuta, Spain
José Luis Navarro Espigares, PhD, Prof, Mgr , Economic Department, University Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Spain
Irene Martín Fernández, Student , Economic Department, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain
Antonio R. Álvarez Sánchez, Álvarez , Doctarate Education, Granada University, Ceuta, Spain
In 1998, Spain led the ranking of occupational accidents in the European Union, accounting for 30% of the total. The highest incidence occurred among young people (16-19 years), and for workers with less than one year at their jobs.

As a consequence of the European Union Directive on the prevention of occupational accidents, a new legal framework was published in Spain in 1995. From 2005, a shift in the evolution of the historical series of accidents at work began to be observed, albeit with significant differences among regions.

This paper quantifies the effects of legal reforms introduced in 1995. Our hypothesis is that the reform has had a positive impact on the prevention of occupational hazards. We also try to confirm whether workers' age, business size, and employment conditions remain the primary structural causes of workplace accidents. Finally, we will check for significant differences in the behavior of Spanish regions.

To accomplish this, by means of panel data model techniques, two different econometric estimates have been made, the first with aggregate data for the whole country from 1992 to 2010, and the second with regional data for the period 1999-2010.

In accordance with previous studies, the results confirmed that the regulatory change in the prevention of occupational hazards has had a positive impact on reducing workplace accidents. They also confirm the existence of distinct regional behaviors. Finally, we verified that the conditions of employment and job insecurity continue to be the principal structural causes of industrial accidents in Spain.

Learning Areas:
Occupational health and safety
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
Describe the influence of legal framework in the prevention of Occupational Disease

Keywords: Occupational Injury and Death, Occupational Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified because my education. Lawyer and PhD degree. I am a professor at University of Granada, Spain. I have experience in OHS for several years working with unions(CCOO) and ISTAS ins Spain. This is the third APHA conference where I have the opportunity to present the results of my research projects.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.