249439 Health disparities initiatives by Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs): Keys to healthy campuses and communities

Sunday, October 30, 2011

Edward Singleton, PhD , Center for Technical Assistance, Training, and Research Support, The MayaTech Corporation, Silver Spring, MD
Suzanne M. Randolph, PhD , Center for Community Prevention and Treatment Research, The MayaTech Corporation, Silver Spring, MD
We evaluated 109 Health Disparities (HD) programs at a select group of 29 Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) to determine the salient characteristics of these public health initiatives. HD programs covered a wide range of typical HD issues such as prenatal and infant care, cancer, cardiovascular disease, mental health, diabetes, and obesity as well as other areas with racial and ethnic gaps in care including oral health, teen pregnancy, mental health and substance abuse, suicide, domestic violence, and homicide. The majority of HBCU students and community residents were non-Hispanic Black and female. Most programs offered student education and training in clinical care. Community residents were the primary beneficiaries of HD programs that offered health services, whether provided by student trainees or seasoned faculty. Though measured infrequently, success was determined largely by improvement in patient or client outcomes. Thus, HBCUs are uniquely poised to provide culturally appropriate, community-based solutions to disparities that threaten the health of the student body and the surrounding community. These solutions have significant implications for eliminating disparities in health care for all African Americans.

Learning Areas:
Chronic disease management and prevention
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Diversity and culture
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
List two major facilitators of successful healthy disparities programs at HBCUs Describe five barriers/obstacles to success in implementing HBCU health disparities programs on campuses or in communities and ways to overcome each Discuss ten lessons learned from academic and program leadership who administered health disparities initiatives at HBCUs

Keywords: African American, Health Disparities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a senior research scientist and lead investigator for the evaluation research on which this presentation is based.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.