249934 School Nurses' Roles in Promoting Population Level Health in an Urban School District

Monday, October 31, 2011: 3:30 PM

M. Kathleen Murphy, DNP, RN, FNP-BC , Health Services, Milwaukee Public Schools, Milwaukee, WI
Mary Jo Baisch, PhD, RN , College of Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI
Teresa Duchateau, DNP, RN, CPNP , School Nurse Resource Coordinator, Wisconsin Public Health Association, Kimberly, WI
Evaluations of the role of school nurses often do not address their role in promoting a Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP), which has more potential for changing the culture of health within their schools. These studies may not adequately capture the contribution of school nurses because of the multi-layered nature of their work and their invisibility within schools. While school nurses are often viewed as providing only individual care for students, they often play a primary role in promoting the overall health of their schools. This study was conducted to determine the role that school nurses play in promoting the CSHP model and population level health services within their schools. Data from interviews with 18 nurses in a large, urban school district that serves a predominately low-income student population were evaluated qualitatively according to the components of the CDC's Coordinated School Health Program and population-level interventions included in the Wheel of Public Health Interventions. Results indicated that through collaboration with school staff and community resources, school nurses are engaged in provision of health services/health education for their school communities, strengthening the relationships between students, parents/guardians, and school staff. While the school nurse plays a role in the coordination of the eight components of their school's CSHP, they support each component to varying degrees through both individual and population-level interventions in their schools. This study provides evidence of the leadership role that school nurses provide for a coordinated school health teams in their school communities.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related nursing

Learning Objectives:
Evaluate the role of school nurses in promoting population-level health services and the Coordinated School Health Program model. Compare school nursesí roles with evidence based public health nursing interventions.

Keywords: School-Based Health Care, Public Health Nursing

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Because I direct the school health program, supervised and participated in the research.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.