250871 Levels of spending and resource allocation to HIV programs and services in Latin America and the Caribbean

Monday, October 31, 2011

Peter Amico, MA , Heller School for Policy and Management, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA
Daniel Aran, Executive Director , Promotion of Economic Development (PROMODE), Joao Pessoa, Brazil
Christian Aran-Fernandez, National AIDS Spending Assessments Advisor , Economics and Financing Division, UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
Jose Antonio Izazola-Licea, General Director , National AIDS Control Programme, Ministry of Health Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Carlos Avila-Figueroa, Chief , AIDS Financing and Economics Division, UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
An estimated 1.86 million people are living with HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). The region is comprised of mainly middle-income countries with steady economic growth while simultaneously there are enormous social inequalities and several concentrated AIDS epidemics. This paper describes HIV spending patterns in LAC countries from both public and international sources. We conducted an extensive analysis of the most recently available data from LAC countries using the National AIDS Spending Assessment tool. The LAC countries spent US$ 1.59 billion on HIV programs and services during the latest reported year. Countries providing detailed information on spending showed that high percentages are allocated to treatment and care (75.1%) and prevention (15.0%). Domestic sources accounted for 93.6 percent of overall spending and 79 percent of domestic funds were directed to treatment and care. International funds represented 5.4 percent of total HIV funding in the region, but they supplied the majority of the effort to reach most-at-risk-populations (MARPs). However, prevalence rates among men-who-have- sex-with-men (MSM) still reached over 25 percent in some countries. Although countries in the region have increasingly sustained their response from domestic sources, still there are future challenges: The growing number of new HIV infections and more people-living-with-HIV eligible to receive ART; Increasing ART coverage along with high prices of ART; and the funding for prevention activities among MARPs rely almost exclusively on external donors. These threats call for strengthened actions by civil society and governments to protect and advance gains against HIV in LAC.

Learning Areas:
Protection of the public in relation to communicable diseases including prevention or control
Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Explain the challenges of financing HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean as well as identify future areas of challenges to prevention activities in the region.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Financing

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have done several years of work related to financing of HIV/AIDS and prevention. This work was done in conjunction with UNAIDS.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.