251194 Workplace injustice: Bullying, harassment and discrimination in the workplace

Monday, October 31, 2011: 9:00 AM

Cassandra Okechukwu, ScD, MSN , Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA
Kelly Davis, PhD , Center for Healthy Aging, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
A.B. De Castro, PhD, MSN/MPH, RN , School of Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
Kerry Souza, ScD, MPH , Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, CDC-NIOSH, Washington, DC
Unfair practices at work create and reinforce occupational health disparities and can also inhibit the implementation of solutions to health disparities. Workplace injustices contribute to health disparities by directly causing negative health outcomes or by placing workers in environments/situations that increase their chances of having negative health or safety outcomes. Workplace injustices often involve imbalance of power. The targets of workplace injustice are often workers who are different from the more powerful majority and/or workers who are outsiders for one reason or another. Consequently, social and economically disadvantaged workers, such as racial/ethnic minorities, sexual minorities, immigrants, women and disabled workers, have increased likelihood of being targets of workplace injustice. This presentation will review what we currently know about the link between workplace injustices and health disparities. Based on a report by the NIOSH Workplace Injustice White Paper authors, the presenter will review the state of the science showing links between workplace injustice and adverse health or safety outcomes along with current practices employers are engaging in to address workplace injustices. Lastly, gaps in research and practice will be discussed.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Occupational health and safety

Learning Objectives:
Describe workplace injustice; Identify significant challenges in defining workplace injustice and the different terms used to describe workplace injustice; Identify strategies that companies are using to combat workplace injustice; Describe one pathway through which workplace injustice contributes to health disparities Describe gaps in research related to workplace injustice

Keywords: Workplace Stressors, Health Disparities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Dr. Okechukwu has conducted research in the field of occupational health disparities and workplace injustice, and completed her doctorate with research on work-related health issues.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.