251417 Hold the Salt Please: America's Challenge

Monday, October 31, 2011: 9:30 AM

M. Katherine Hoy, EdD, RD, LD , Food Surveys Research Group, US Department of Agriculture, ARS, BHNRC, Beltsville, MD
Evidence for the relationship between sodium intake and high blood pressure in adults is strong. Although recommendations to decrease intake of sodium have existed over 40 years, national survey data has not shown substantial dietary change. In contrast to the sodium intake recommendation to limit consumption to 2300 mg per day, sodium intake of the U.S. population has remained around 3300 mg per day. Males have higher intakes than females and intakes vary by age. However, the amount of sodium per 1000 kcal is virtually the same for all age groups over two years. Salt is ubiquitous in the food supply. Although some foods contain a large amount of sodium per serving, foods that contain comparatively lower amounts of sodium per serving contribute substantially to total intake because they are consumed more frequently. Intense efforts are currently underway to implement environmental changes that will reduce sodium intake of the population. Using dietary data from What We Eat In America, NHANES 2007-2008, food categories that are contributing to sodium intake are identified. These data can be used by public health professionals to inform advocacy efforts and education initiatives for lowering sodium intake, and for monitoring changes in the intake of the population.

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify top food categories that contribute to sodium intake of the U.S. population.

Keywords: Food and Nutrition, Dietary Assessment

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I am responsible for monitoring dietary intake data from What We Eat In America as it relates to nutrient intake, with current focus on sodium intake of the population.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

See more of: What We Eat in America
See more of: Food and Nutrition