251768 Preventing intimate partner violence between adolescent mothers and young fathers: The Young Parenthood Program

Tuesday, November 1, 2011: 3:02 PM

Paul Florsheim, PhD , School of Public Health, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI
Laura McArthur, PhD , Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
Jason Burrow Sanchez, PhD , Department of Educational Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT
Kimberly Frausto, BA , Department of Educational Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT
Cristina Hudak, MA , Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT
Sarah Heavin, PhD , Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT
The Young Parenthood Program (YPP) is a co-parenting counseling program designed to support positive communication and healthy relations between pregnant adolescents and their biological partners. A primary goal of YPP is to prevent or reduce the occurrence of intimate partner violence among pregnant adolescents and their biological partners. Developing prevention programs for preventing IPV among pregnant adolescents is important because pregnant adolescents are at heightened risk for IPV. IPV poses a serious threat to the physical and psychological well being of both men and women. It is also a serious maternal-child health concern, associated with low birth weight, premature birth, and child abuse and neglect. In this study, 120 expectant couples were recruited, assessed, and randomized into the YPP IPV prevention group or the “treatment as usual” (e.g. control) group. Couples were reassessed at 4 months (Time 2) and 18 months (Time 3). The assessment process included an interview-based screening for the occurrence of IPV which was administered to both pregnant adolescents and their partners individually. Preliminary results indicated marginally significant treatment effect on change in IPV scores from Time 1 to Time 2 (F=3.50, p=0.065); treatment-group IPV scores remained relatively steady while control-group IPV scores increased. However, at Time 3, this difference was diminished (F=2.134, p=0.125). Because the YPP is new and our sample is relatively small, findings should be regarded as preliminary. Additional testing of YPP is necessary, but initial results are promising and underscore the potential value of targeted programs for preventing IPV among at risk populations.

Learning Areas:
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Other professions or practice related to public health
Provision of health care to the public
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. Understand intimate partner violence as a public health concern for pregnant adolescents 2. Explore the value of male involvement for preventing intimate partner violence among pregnant and parenting adolescents 3. Discuss initial findings of a study designed to test an innovative for supporting health co-parenting relations and preventing intimate partner violence

Keywords: Adolescent Health, Partner Involvement

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract author because I am a public health researcher, chair of the faculty in the school of public health at University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, licensed clinical psychologist, and director of the Young Parenthood Study.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.