252022 Metabolic Syndrome and Breast Cancer Risk in the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures

Monday, October 31, 2011

Vicki McLaughlin , Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA
Katherine W. Reeves , Gsph, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
Lisa Fredman , Boston University, Boston, MA
Kristine E. Ensrud, MD , Department of Medicine, Section of General Internal Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Jane A. Cauley, DrPH , Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
Components of metabolic syndrome are linked to increased breast cancer risk, but no study has examined associations between metabolic syndrome as a single entity and breast cancer incidence. We evaluated the effect of the number of metabolic syndrome components on breast cancer risk.

Data were from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures, a prospective cohort of women over age 65 (N=8,956). Metabolic syndrome components evaluated at baseline were: elevated waist circumference, hypertension, and diabetes. Incident breast cancers were confirmed by pathology report. We compared women with 0, 1, and 2-3 metabolic syndrome components. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to calculate associations for all breast cancer and separately for estrogen receptor (ER)+ and progesterone receptor (PR)+ cases.

At baseline, 28.8% had 2-3 components of metabolic syndrome. A total of 551 breast cancer cases were identified over an average follow-up of 14.4 years. Women with 2-3 components had increased breast cancer risk compared to those with no components (HR 1.30, 95% CI 1.01-1.68) adjusting for age, hormone use, and family history of breast cancer. Risk of ER+ (HR 1.51, 95% CI 1.11-2.04) and PR+ (HR 1.54, 95% CI 1.10-2.16) cancer was elevated for women with 2-3 components. These results became attenuated and not statistically significant when adjusted for body mass index.

Metabolic syndrome may be on a causal pathway linking obesity to increased postmenopausal breast cancer risk. Managing components of metabolic syndrome might offer an approach for breast cancer prevention.

Student's role: My role in this project was conducting all statistical analysis and creating all figures and data tables. In addition, I wrote the abstract and statistical methods section for the final manuscript.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Identify the components of metabolic syndrome and describe the association between the number of components and the risk of incident breast cancer in the study population. Explain the role of body mass index (obesity) in assessing the relationship between metabolic syndrome components and breast cancer risk.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a member of the Delta Omega Honor Society.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.