252559 Safer Communities are Healthier Communities: A Statewide Needs Assessment on Violence and Abuse in Hawai'i

Monday, October 31, 2011

Jeanelle Sugimoto-Matsuda, MS , Department of Psychiatry, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI
Jane Onoye, PhD , Department of Psychiatry, JABSOM, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI
Deborah Goebert, DrPH , Department of Psychiatry, JABSOM, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI
Earl Hishinuma, PhD , Department of Psychiatry, JABSOM, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI
Background/Purpose: Violence and abuse are major public health problems that impact the health of our communities; however, prevention efforts are often lost among sectors as to whose purview they fall. This study conducted a needs assessment of statewide efforts in violence prevention for the Hawai‘i Injury Prevention Plan (HIPP), the state strategic plan for collaborative action and policy planning in injury and violence prevention. Methods: Qualitative and quantitative data were collected through interviews (n=22) and online surveys (n=149) on organization/agency, use of evidence- or culturally-based programs, areas addressed, use of data, evaluation of programs, type/nature of collaborations, and perceptions of progress in previous HIPP recommendations. Results: The majority reported using evidence- (44%) or culturally-based (57%) programming, and some type of evaluation (51%). Child abuse (52%), intimate partner violence (46%), and teen dating violence (44%) were most commonly addressed. Most respondents said they partner with local and national organizations, at least on an informal basis. The most progress was seen in increasing collaboration (44%), and the least in developing full-service schools (26%). Over 40% felt that the greatest impact could be made in the next five years through social/educational policies. Discussion/Conclusions: Recommendations were shared and vetted by stakeholders: 1) Raise awareness; 2) Enhance capacity; 3) Conduct research and coordinate data collection efforts; and 4) Integrate efforts statewide. Various efforts are underway to utilize recommendations to move the violence/abuse prevention agenda forward. These recommendations cut across the range of violence prevention initiatives and disciplines and may inform efforts in other States.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs

Learning Objectives:
By the end of the session, participants will be able to… 1) Describe the overall landscape of violence and abuse prevention, with emphasis on efforts in the State of Hawai‘i. 2) Understand the importance of safety in our communities in order to promote physical and mental health. 3) Explain the importance of implementing statewide violence and abuse prevention efforts using a coordinated, collective, multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary approach.

Keywords: Violence Prevention, Needs Assessment

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I oversaw the needs assessment study that is described in this presentation.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.