253084 Reducing HIV misconceptions and increasing implementation intentions for condom use

Monday, October 31, 2011

Liesl Nydegger, MPH , School of Community & Global Health, Claremont Graduate University, San Dimas, CA
Amanda Keeler, MA , School of Behavioral and Organizational Sciences, Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, CA
Approximately 36% of HIV cases are related to substance abuse. Substance abusers are high-risk for contracting HIV due to risky behaviors, including unprotected sex. Due to these behavioral and infection risks, it is imperative to develop feasible interventions that focus on condom use within this population. This study evaluated a 1-hour intervention intended to reduce HIV misconceptions and increase implementation intentions to use condoms in 143 participants in drug diversion programs. Implementation intentions are situation-linked action plans, found effective in previous research. This intervention was kept to 1 hour to maximize the likelihood of widespread dissemination. Participants were randomized at the individual level to either control or experimental conditions. The HIV survey included 9 common misconceptions and a new implementation intention scale. Results indicated that the experimental group was less likely to believe 4 of 9 misconceptions and was more likely to report stronger implementation intentions to use condoms. This intervention is unique because it indicates that short, easy to disseminate HIV interventions can be effective for reducing misconceptions and increasing implementation intentions to use condoms in a high-risk population. Further, it indicates that the new implementation intention measures created for this study could be useful for future studies.

Learning Areas:
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs

Learning Objectives:
Assess a new scale to measure implementation intentions for condom use and evaluate an HIV intervention targeting adult substance abusers in decreasing HIV misconceptions and increasing implementation intentions to use condoms.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Drug Abuse

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I oversaw the development and implementation of the HIV intervention designed for substance abusers.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.