254683 Violent Victimization as a Risk Factor for Steroid Use among a National Sample of U.S. Adolescents

Monday, October 29, 2012

Bart Hammig, PhD, MPH , Community Health Promotion, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR
Kristen Jozkowski, PhD , Community Health Promotion, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR
Monica H. Swahn, PhD, MPH , Institute of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA
Abstract Objective: We sought to examine if a relationship existed between adolescents' experiences with violent victimization and steroid use. Methods: Data from the 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey were analyzed for male (N = 8,537) and female (N = 7,816) adolescents. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were employed to determine the associations between steroid use and victimization, inclusive of bullying, fighting, being threatened, and sexual assault. Results: 4.3% of males and 2.2% of females reported using steroids at least once during their lifetime. Among males, steroid use was associated with being bullied (Adj. OR = 1.7; 95% CI:1.1-2.6), threatened at school (Adj. OR = 4.5; 95% CI:2.9-7.2) or injured in a fight (Adj. OR = 5.8; 95% CI:4.0-8.6). Similarly, among females, steroid use was associated with having been threatened at school (Adj. OR=2.9; 95% CI:1.6-5.4), injured in a fight (Adj. OR =4.7; 95% CI:2.5-8.8) or having experienced forcible rape (Adj. OR = 2.6; 95% CI:1.5-4.7). Conclusions: Victimization is an important risk factor for steroid use among adolescents. Awareness may be important for health professionals who counsel adolescent victims of interpersonal violence.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related education

Learning Objectives:
Learners will be able to discuss the impact violent victimization has on steroid usage among adolescents. Learners will identify risks associated with violent victimization as they pertain to steroid usage among adolescent males and females.

Keywords: Youth Violence, Substance Abuse

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal investigator on grants focusing on the prevention of injury. Among my scientific interests has been research examining youth violence and unintentional injuries.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.