255418 Association between teenage pregnancy occurrence and parent-adolescent daughter communication dynamics

Tuesday, October 30, 2012

Oluwakemi Oluwatuyi Babalola, MBBS MPH , Jackson State University, Lynbrook, NY
Tontel Obene, DrPH, MPH , Jackson State University, Ridgeland, MS
Ngozichukwuka Agu, MBBS , Department of Community and Family Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
Background: Teenage pregnancy rates in the United States exceed those in most developed countries. Mississippi, where this study took place, has one of the highest teenage pregnancy rates in the nation. Determinants of teenage pregnancy should be extensively studied, including the effects of family communication dynamics on pregnancy occurrence. Purpose of study: This study is to determine the association between teenage pregnancy occurrence and parent-adolescent daughter communication dynamics. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 75 adults between the ages of 20 and 39 living in Bolivar County of the Mississippi Delta. Only females who lived in the County while they were teenagers were recruited. The questionnaire collected data on pregnancy occurrence and family relationship of participants between the ages of 13 and 19. Data was analyzed using chi square and logistic regression analysis. Results: Most of the participants were African Americans (97.30%) and had income of less than $20,000 (81.10%). 88.00% of the participants were found to be single. Only 14.70% and 5.30% had college and post graduate level education respectively. Living in the same house with father reduced the odds of getting pregnant slightly (OR; 0.17). Teenagers who discussed important issues with father were less likely to get pregnant (OR; 8.54). Teenagers who discussed sex related issues with mother were more likely to get pregnant (OR; 2.50). Conclusion: The study demonstrates an association between family relationships especially parent-adolescent daughter communication on pregnancy occurrence. The study results provide direction for further research and teenage pregnancy prevention programs.

Learning Areas:
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs

Learning Objectives:
1. List at least three factors that influence teenage pregnancy occurrence. 2. Identify at least three challenges that are faced by teenage mothers and their offspring.

Keywords: Adolescents, Communication

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Not Answered