255504 Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Adults Reading to Two Year Old Children: A Population-based Study

Sunday, October 28, 2012

Olivia Sappenfield , Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA
Kenneth D. Rosenberg, MD, MPH , Office of Family Health, Oregon Public Health Division, Portland, OR
Childhood reading proficiency is positively associated with educational achievement. Education is positively associated with many health outcomes. Reading to children can improve children's reading capability, improving their odds of increased education. This study examined the association between adults reading to a child every day and maternal race/ethnicity using a cross-sectional analysis of Oregon's Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) and PRAMS-2 data. We studied women whose babies were born in 2005-2005 and reinterviewed in 2006-2008. The analysis included bivariate and multivariate logistic regression. STATA was used to account for the three stage complex survey design. Maternal race/ethnicity was associated with whether a child was read to every day. The mothers most likely to report that an adult read to their child every day were non-Hispanic (NH) White (71.6%) followed by NH Asian/PI (58.4%), NH American Indian/Alaska Native (53.9%), NH Black (38.8%) and Hispanic (34.1%). Using multivariate regression, after adjusting for maternal age, education, depression, birth order and poverty status, Hispanic (aOR=0.30; 95% CI 0.20, 0.44), NH Black (aOR=0.32; 95% CI 0.21, 0.48), NH AI/AN (aOR=0.58; 95% CI 0.39, 0.87) and NH Asian/PI women (aOR=0.39; 95% CI 0.27, 0.57) were significantly less likely than NH White women to read to their children every day. There are significant racial/ethnic disparities in adults reading to two year old children. Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black mothers are the least likely to report reading to their children every day. These disparities have long term consequences (education, health, life course) for the children.

Learning Areas:
Other professions or practice related to public health
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to explain the importance of adults reading to toddlers and discuss interventions that could improve educational outcomes for children.

Keywords: Children, Education

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Ken Rosenberg has been the lead maternal and child health epidemiologist for the Oregon Public Health Division since 1997. He received his MD degree from Tufts University (1973) and his MPH from Columbia University (1989). He is board certified in public health and preventive medicine. He is also on the faculty of the OHSU Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.