255927 Smoking cessation methods among young adults

Tuesday, October 30, 2012

Laura A. McClure, MSPH , Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL
Noella A. Dietz, PhD , Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL
Kristopher L. Arheart, EdD , Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL
David J. Lee, PhD , Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL
David F. Sly, PhD , College of Social Sciences, Florida State University, Jasper, GA
Background: Approximately 20% of young adults (YA) (18-24y) in the US are smokers. They are often nondaily smokers who either quit or transition into dependent smokers. YA have often been overlooked in anti-tobacco messaging and have been shown to use less effective quit methods. This study aims to examine quit methods among YA former smokers and current smokers who have made at least one quit attempt. Methods: Telephone interviews were conducted with 4,401 YA in Florida as part of the Tobacco Free Florida campaign evaluation. We examined sociodemographics, attitude/beliefs, and smoking cessation variables by smoking status. Results: Twenty percent of YA were current smokers and 37% were former smokers. Former smokers were more often female, of non-White race/ethnicity, more highly educated, less often looking for work, and had less often gone straight to work. Most former smokers (72%) reported no quit attempts, and very few reported using a prescription (<1%), nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) (5%), or calling a quitline (<1%). In contrast, 73% of current smokers reported at least one quit attempt and had rarely used a prescription (7%) or quitline (5%), but more often tried NRT (22%). Conclusions: YA former smokers largely reported no previous quit attempts indicating they quit without assistance. Despite most YA current smokers being situational or occasional smokers (89%), the majority had unsuccessful quit attempts and employed less effective quit methods. YA deserve further study and targeting with cessation messaging to better equip them to quit before they become lifelong smokers.

Learning Areas:
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. Determine the prevalence of current smoking among young adults. 2. Identify the frequency of quit attempts among former smokers and current smokers. 3. Compare the quit methods used by young adult former and current smokers.

Keywords: Smoking Cessation, Tobacco Control

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have several years experience is in the areas of cancer and other chronic disease epidemiology as well as tobacco control. Additionally, I have served as program manager for a multi-disciplinary media evaluation study examining adult, young adult, and youth tobacco use behaviors in Florida from 2008-2010. In this role I have also contributed to the analysis and interpretation of results using data collected in that study.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.