256073 Integrating community knowledge and practices to complement common risk factor strategy

Monday, October 29, 2012

Shehnoor Azhar, BSc, BDS , Masters in Public Health Program, NYU, New York, NY
Nazia Yazdanie, Prof , Dean, Postgraduate Dental Research/Professor and Head of Prosthodontics, FMH College of Medicine & Dentistry, Lahore, Pakistan
Prevention is increasingly becoming a key focus of health policies including dental public health. In global context, understanding of life styles and behaviors assist in formulating comprehensive strategies which encourage risk-reduction to improve oral health related mortality and morbidity. In order to underscore community's health perceptions and practices as important component of effective health prevention strategy, a KAP study was undertaken. The study sample comprised of 2647 undergraduate students from ten universities and institutions. Respondents were presented with questionnaire which included variables to analyze knowledge and attitudes, dietary trends and tobacco consumption. Responses were analyzed and majority of students reported understanding dental health rationale of fluoride as component of toothpaste formulations. Moreover, consumption of carbonated beverages was frequent but lesser than fresh fruits and juices. Prevalence of daily cigarette smoking and other forms of tobacco showed gender differences. Public participation in health sector decision-making has potential of shaping behaviors to complement preventive approach to dental as well as general health.

Learning Areas:
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Advocacy for health and health education
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to identify dietary practices which carry relevance in formulation and implementation of dental health strategy based on common risk factor approach. The discussion around awareness of fluoride function as a component of commercially available tooth pastes discuss pros and cons of global anti-caries approach and consumer perceptions. Finally, identifying gender differences related to smoking among university students provides reason to continuously update anti-tobacco policies to maximize public health gains.

Keywords: Community Participation, Oral Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: As a faculty in dental school oversees last year, I have been the primary investigator and designed dental health KAP study which has been submitted for consideration at APHA 2012.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.