256254 Workforce training as a social determinant in reducing adolescent pregnancy and risk behaviors among inner city males

Tuesday, October 30, 2012

Peggy Smith, PhD , Population Program, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX
Ruth Buzi, PhD , Population Program, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX
A total of 141 young males have enrolled in a work force development program. Monetary stipends up to $1,100 were provided as incentives for consistent participation. A total of 103 males were initially enrolled and 71 were successfully followed from February 2010 to January 2012. Data were generated on job training completion, high school graduation or GED attainment and employment procurement. Outcome measures also included the prevalence of problems with the law, smoking or drinking behaviors and subsequent pregnancies among participants' partners. There were 71 males still active in the program after two years. Most had completed some training component or had obtained employment. The pregnancy rate among partners after the two-year period was less than 10%. Eighteen males admitted to having some sort of legal problems. However, of that group, 14 indicated that the charge was related to minor motor vehicle violations such as speeding, no insurance certificate and seat belt violation. Over half (48) of the males admitted to drinking and or smoking cigarettes and only six of them believed that those behaviors qualified as high risk. The major finding of this pilot project was that among young males enrolled in this job training program, most were able to remain or complete one or more program components and secure employment. Participants, when compared to national data, were more likely to reduce risky sexual and legal behavior. Integrating employment training in health settings can act as a positive social determinant in reducing risk and providing economic stability among males.

Learning Areas:
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe the current state of knowledge of social determinants impacting health among young males 2. Describe public health interventions that seek to strengthen young males’ engagement in health care settings 3. Discuss the importance of addressing social determinants among young males

Keywords: Sexual Risk Behavior, Social Inequalities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have worked in the area of adolescent health for more than 30 years. I oversee seven family planning clinics that provide services to female and male adolescents.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.