256715 A review of physical activity interventions on determinants of mental health in children and adolescents

Monday, October 29, 2012

Maria Camero, MS , Department of Health and Exercise Science, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK
Colleen Hobbs, BS , Department of Health and Exercise Science, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK
Melissa Stringer, BS , Department of Health and Exercise Science, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK
Paul Wesley Branscum, PhD, RD , Department of Health and Exercise Science, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK
E. Laurette Taylor, PhD , Dept of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK
The purpose of this presentation is to review physical activity promoting interventions implemented between 20002011 that evaluates the effects physical activity has on determinants of mental health among children and adolescents. A search was performed using the databases Academic Search Premier, CINHAL, EBSCOHost, PsycARTICLES and PsycINFO. The inclusion criteria for this review includes: only peer-reviewed articles, interventions related to the enhancement of physical activity, interventions that contain a measure of mental health, and those that target children and adolescents between the ages of 6-18 years. Excluding duplicate articles found in the search, 537 articles were found. Of these, 10 met the inclusion criteria. All studies reported an inverse relationship between physical activity levels and depression. Seven of the 10 studies found a significant relationship (p < 0.05) in the reduction of depression when various aerobic and/or resistance training exercises were introduced. Only one study found a negative correlation between very light intensity activity and aspects of psychological health, however results were not statistically significant. An increase in physical activity appears to reduce depression in school-aged children and adolescents. It also appears to impact global self worth, self-efficacy and self esteem trait anxiety and overall negative mood. Recommendations for future interventions will be presented.

Learning Areas:
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Other professions or practice related to public health
Public health or related education

Learning Objectives:
Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of physical activity interventions aimed at determinants of mental health among children and adolescents. Identify current limitations for physical activity interventions aimed at determinants of mental health among children and adolescents. Describe recommendations for future physical activity interventions aimed at determinants of mental health among children and adolescents.

Keywords: Mental Health, Physical Activity

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I coordinated this review and I have a background in physical activity promotion with children.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.