256917 Brief Motivational Intervention for High-Risk Drinking and Illicit Drug Use in Mandated and Voluntary College Freshmen

Tuesday, October 30, 2012

Donna M. Kazemi, PhD , College of Health and Human Services,School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC
Maureen Levine, PhD, ABPP , School of Psychology College of Social and Behavioral Science, Walden University, Minneapolis, MN
Jacek Dmochowski, PhD , Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC
Qiong Shou, BS, PhDc , Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC
Irene Angbing, BS , Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Unversity of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC
Introduction: Alcohol consumption and illicit drug use among college students are national public health concerns with over 45% of students engaging in heavy drinking and 20% using illicit drugs. Mandated students who have violated campus alcohol policies often are at higher risk for heavy drinking and illicit drug use. Purpose: This longitudinal study compared the effectiveness of the Brief Motivational Intervention (BMI)in decreasing alcohol consumption and illicit drug use, as well as the associated negative consequences among mandated students (Group 1) and voluntary students (Group 2). Methods: Eligible participants (436 voluntary, 147 mandated, N = 583) who agreed to be in the study received the BMI at baseline and again at 2 weeks, with boosters at 3 months and 6 months. Assessments were completed at baseline and again at 3 months and 6 months post intervention. Descriptive statistics, frequency tables, and summary graphs were used to summarize the study variables in both groups at all three time points (baseline, 3 months, & 6 months). Results: The consequences of alcohol consumption, including blackouts, decreased significantly for both groups at baseline and 3 months, and then plateaued at 6 months. Drug use in both groups decreased between baseline and 6 months, with drug use in the mandated group declining to 10% by 6 months. Conclusion: The findings contribute to the growing body of literature on the effectiveness of alcohol prevention and intervention programs for college students and furthers the understanding of the use of the BMI.

Learning Areas:
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Describe the effectiveness of Brief Motivational Intervention and Screening on Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use among mandated college students. Discuss the differences between mandated and voluntary alcohol and illicit drug use.

Keywords: College Students, Alcohol Problems

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Dr, Kazemi,PhD is a faculty member in the School of Nursing at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte. Her program of research has focused on applied and clinical research on addictive behaviors. Specializing in the assessment, treatment and prevention of alcohol induced disorders among college students. She has authored a number of studies on multiple strategies to prevent alcohol and other drug (AOD) misuse. Dr. Kazemi is the principal investigator on grants totaling over 1.2M dollars.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.