257401 A Qualitative Evaluation of an Oral Health Education Session as Part of a HIV Prevention Program for Adult Hispanic Migrant Workers in South Florida

Sunday, October 28, 2012

Claudia A. Serna, DDS, RDH, MPH , Department of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Florida International University, Miami, FL
Jesus Sanchez, PhD , Department of Sociobehavioral and Administrative Pharmacy, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL
Objective: This qualitative study based on focus group discussions explores oral health knowledge, attitudes, and susceptibility towards dental diseases, and their link to overall health among a group of adult Hispanic migrant workers (HMWs) in South Florida after attending an oral health education session.

Methods: The Hispanic Migrant Workers HIV prevention program included oral health education as part of the curriculum. Fifty-two adult HMWs were trained at the Farmworker Association of Florida. Data for this study were collected from 9 focus groups. Participants received oral health education via oral presentations, a written manual, PowerPoint presentations, and a website both in Spanish and English.

Results: Participants benefited most from the oral presentations since many HMWs do not have many years of formal education and some of them are not literate. They reported a significant lack of awareness and understanding of the strong link between systemic diseases and oral health. They also mentioned that seeking oral health care was driven by the manifestation of painful oral problems, discomfort, and uncontrolled infections, but that in many cases they try to avoid a visit to the dentist because of the lack of dental care coverage.

Conclusions: This qualitative evaluation revealed that the training session approach was perceived by participants as appropriate in assisting them to raise awareness about oral health issues and improving oral health knowledge and behaviors. They expressed encouraging views about the program and how it was delivered. This approach was highly acceptable and valued by this community.

Learning Areas:
Advocacy for health and health education
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Diversity and culture
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Provision of health care to the public
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe how when Hispanic migrant workers dental habits and behaviors are taking into consideration in an accessible and culturally relevant manner, they are willing to learn about oral health concerns and commit to healthier behaviors.

Keywords: Oral Health Needs, Access to Care

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I worked on this project as a Research Coordinator
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.