257512 Socio-demographic predictors of alcohol-related injury in the Americas

Tuesday, October 30, 2012 : 4:50 PM - 5:10 PM

Rachael A. Korcha, MA , Alcohol Research Group, Emeryville, CA
Cheryl J. Cherpitel, DrPH , Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute, Emeryville, CA
Yu Ye, MA , Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute, Emeryville, CA
Jason Bond, PhD , Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute, Emeryville, CA
Jane Witbrodt, PhD , Public Health Institute, Alcohol Research Group, Emeryville, CA
Alcohol consumption is closely tied to social norms and expectancies that dictate who may drink and when it is socially acceptable to do so. These standards can vary by a multitude of factors depending on the personal, social, and cultural expectations placed on the individual. While countries such as the US and Canada have a substantial body of literature on injuries related to alcohol, the research in many of the developing Pan American countries is scarce. This work examines demographic characteristics of injury patients in Emergency departments (EDs) from 10 countries in the Americas (N=8,538). Findings show that patients in lower-income countries (Guatemala, Nicaragua, Guyana) were less likely to be current users of alcohol but the incidence of alcohol consumption before the injury was similar to those from the upper-middle (Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Dominican Republic) and high-income (US, Canada) countries. Men were more likely to have an alcohol related injury in every income category but younger age (under 30) was only predictive for upper-middle and high-income countries. Men who drank alcohol before an injury were more likely to be under the age of 30, educated, and unemployed, while younger age was the only characteristic predictive for injured women. Conclusions: There is a paucity of research related to alcohol consumption and injury in economically developing countries. Findings show a need for alcohol interventions that target youth. This is especially critical in Latin American countries where nearly a third of the population is under the age of 30.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Other professions or practice related to public health
Public health or related education

Learning Objectives:
To identify socio-demographic characteristics of alcohol use among injured emergency department patients in ten countries.

Keywords: Alcohol, Injuries

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been a team member of the Cross-national Analysis of Alcohol and Injury study for the past 3 years and have 20 years working in the addiction research field. I currently have two publications on alcohol use in the emergency room and a third paper under review. My interests include alcohol and injury with an emphasis on the implementation of brief alcohol interventions.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.