259284 BMI by ethnicity and immigration status in US residents over 50

Sunday, October 28, 2012

James H. Swan, PhD , Department of Sociology, Programs in Applied Gerontology, University of North Texas, Denton, TX
Reza Amini, MD, MPH , Department of Sociology, University of North Texas, Denton, TX
This paper aims to assess the differences between ethnicities in the age groups over 50 years old, with the hypothesis that BMI can be different in ethnic groups living in the United States according their gender and length of life in the United States. The data derive from ten years (2001-2010) of the National Health Interview Survey Adult Sample, a yearly, nationally-representative survey (n=280,483). Men show higher BMI than women, married than unmarried. BMI shows a strong increase with age but declines at advanced ages. African Americans, American Indians, Mexican, Chinese and Filipinos born in the United States, experienced declining BMI as they aged, with lower rate compared to immigrants. Chinese and Filipinos had the lowest BMI among residents. Cuban and Dominicans born in the USA had lower BMI compared to the immigrants. As the people age their BMI increase, but the trend will be slower after the age of 50 in both natives and immigrants. Thus age is one of the factors affect BMI. Yet these changes vary in different ethnicities. Ethnicity as well as immigration, marriage, and education can be considered as one of the factors for BMI in people over 50 years old, although the differences between ethnicities will decline after this age. Living in the USA for a longer time can influence the trend in BMI among immigrants.

Learning Areas:
Clinical medicine applied in public health
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Identify difference ethnicity in terms of BMI as a health measure. Differentiate trend in BMI in different age groups and ethnicity. Design further research on this subject.

Keywords: Ethnicity, Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Previously graduated from medical doctoral program, I graduated in September 2010 from Master of public health in the field of gerontology. Being interested in continuing my research activities in gerontology, I have started a Ph.D. program in this field. According to my background, experience and abilities, I am enthusiastic to deepen and transfer my knowledge and experience by conducting research projects and positively contribute to global health status in the elderly.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.