260085 Survey of Paper Reporters to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System

Sunday, October 28, 2012

Tim Struttmann, MSPH , Health Sciences Research, SRA International, Durham, NC
Brenda G. Cox, PhD , Health Sciences Research, SRA International, Durham, NC
Julie C. Linville, MPH , Health Science Research, SRA International, Durham, NC
Brad Lagle, BS , Health Sciences Research, SRA International, Durham, NC
Patricia Addiss, RN , Health Sciences Research, SRA International, Durham, NC
Beth Hibbs, RN , Immunization Safety Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), under the joint administration of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Immunization Safety Office, and the Food and Drug Administration monitors adverse events occurring after vaccine administration. Reports come from patients, parents, providers, and manufacturers via a paper-based or online form. Internet-based reporting was implemented in 2002 to speed notification and improve reporting accuracy, yet in 2010 only 38% of health care providers submitted reports online.

To understand why they chose paper over online submission, we interviewed 100 randomly selected healthcare providers by phone who submitted paper reports to VAERS from September through December 2010. A registered nurse interviewed providers approximately 2-4 weeks after paper form submission.

Respondents worked in pediatric offices (29%), pharmacies (20%), public health departments (17%), employee and occupational health (16%), family practices (15%), and other settings (15%). Sixty-eight percent were aware online reporting was available, and 6% had submitted a VAERS report online in the past. Reasons for submitting paper forms included ease of reporting (45%), necessity for a paper report in the office (40%), speed (29%) and lack of knowledge of the online reporting option (27%). Possibilities to increase electronic reporting include modifying the current online reporting system, integrating the online VAERS report into electronic medical record systems at physicians' offices and an outreach campaign to increase awareness of electronic reporting.

Learning Areas:
Protection of the public in relation to communicable diseases including prevention or control
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
Learning Objectives 1. Describe three reasons why those who report vaccine adverse events to VAERS use paper or fax. 2. Discuss how on-line reporting to VAERS can be increased.

Keywords: Survey, Safety

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the project manager on several public health surveillance projects funded by the CDC. These focus on data collection, survey design, and analysis of survey data. Through mail, CATI, web and face to face interviews I have conducted several studuies public health studies.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.