260113 Factors affecting the utilization of research among family violence prevention workers: An exploratory force-field analysis

Monday, October 29, 2012 : 10:50 AM - 11:10 AM

Linnaya Graf, PhD , Public Health, Community Education and Health Promotion, Walden University, Dover, PA
Problem: Family violence has pervasive negative effects across the lifespan for individuals, families, and communities. Recent research identified a persistent gap between empirical research and the application of this knowledge to family violence prevention [FVP] practices. This is problematic for clients because prevention practices that lag behind available evidence impact effectiveness. Method: Applying the principals of Lewin's force field analysis and the public health model, this exploratory study identified factors that influenced the application of empirical research to FVP practices and assessed the feasibility of changing factors to promote increased use. Results: In depth interview responses from a sample of 25 FVP professionals were complied into common factors, then rated for feasibility of change. Identified factors were translated to action steps using impact and feasibility charts. The four most important action steps identified included: training on applying research, training on how to find and access relevant research, opportunities for practitioners to participate with academics in action research projects, and increased priority for practitioners to have time to read available research. Social Change Implications: This exploratory study provides evidence to improve the application of research to front line practices, thereby helping to reduce the incidence of family violence and help professionals deal more effectively with its consequences. Future research: Future studies should consider replicating results and a quantitative assessment among a larger sample. Further, studies should consider the possibility of cultural differences among populations, evaluation of outcomes for recommendations, and other potentially unidentified factors.

Learning Areas:
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1.Describe the process of force field analysis as a method for evaluating the perception of family violence prevention workers in developing program improvements. 2.Identify factors that influence the application of research to practice among family violence prevention workers. 2.Analyze which identified factors are amenable to change using an Impact/Feasibility Chart. 3.Formulate action steps for increasing the application of research to practice in family violence prevention programming.

Keywords: Family Violence, Evidence Based Practice

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the primary researcher who conducted this study for completion of my dissertation as a part of my doctoral program. This dissertation was approved and my degree conferred.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.