260754 A study about effectiveness of the health promoting schools supporting network on schools' self-efficacy in Taiwan

Monday, October 29, 2012

Li-Ling Liao , Department of Health Management, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung City 82445, Taiwan
Chieh-Hsing Liu , Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
Fong-ching Chang , Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan
Chi-chia J. Cheng , Department of Public Health, Fu-jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan
Yu- Zhen Niu , Sanitary and Health Caring Center, Office of Student Affairs, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan
Taiwan launched the “Health-Promoting School Program” in 2001, and has established and provided a supporting network system to schools at various levels. This supporting network includes professional support for guidance teams and administrative support from governmental units. This study aims to discuss the effectiveness of such supporting network system to the self-efficacy of schools while carrying out the Health-Promoting School Program. As a cross-sectional study, the target population is staff involved in the Health-Promoting School Program from all junior high schools and elementary schools in Taiwan. Stratified systematic sampling design was employed based on junior high schools or elementary schools, counties or cities, and school size etc., and probability proportional to size (PPS) was used at each stratum. A total of 800 schools were sampled and a total of 621 valid questionnaires were received, giving a receiving rate of 77.63%. As revealed from results of stepwise regression analysis, age of research subjects, subjects' relationship with guidance teams, and satisfaction of policies and resources had significant predictability to subjects' efficacy while carrying out the Health-Promoting School Program (total variance 23.2%, p<0.001). The satisfaction of policies and resources was found with the best predictability with variance of 16.9%. This study showed that the health-promoting school supporting network gives a positive impact to efficacy of executing the Health-Promoting School Program. Effort should be placed to strengthen the relationship between guidance teams and schools, and improve each school's satisfaction about relative policies and resources.

Learning Areas:
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Advocacy for health and health education
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related education

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe the relationship between the health promoting schools supporting network and schools’ self-efficacy on implementing school health program. 2. Identify the importance of the supporting network’s role in developing schools’ self-efficacy on implementing school health program. 3. Evaluate the effectiveness of the health promoting schools supporting network on schools’ self-efficacy in Taiwan

Keywords: Health Promotion, School Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal or co-principal of multiple nationally funded grants focusing on the health promoting school, health literacy and health education for school children in Taiwan. Among my scientific interests has been the development and evaluation of the comprehensive school programs. I have authored several publications in peer reviewed journals.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.