262482 Development of a Medicinal Plant Module for Puerto Rico

Sunday, October 28, 2012

Roberto Torres-Zeno, PhD , Graduate School of Public Health-Medical Sciences Campus, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan
Ruth Rios-Motta, PhD , Graduate School of Public Health-Medical Sciences Campus, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan
Yelitza Sánchez , School of Public Health, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, PR
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been defined as a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not presently considered to be part of conventional medicine. The use of CAM has become widespread, with expense in the U.S. equal to all out-of-pocket expenses for physician services. Patient safety and access issues, financial and cost considerations and the role of CAM practices in health promotion and prevention are primary concerns for patients, providers, insurers, policy makers and health care managers in Puerto Rico as well as in other countries. However, studies on CAM use in the island are non-existent. This methodological poster presents the development of a Puerto Rican medicinal plant module as part of a culturally adapted CAM survey instrument based on the U.S. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The module was developed based on focus groups input from conventional and CAM practitioners, CAM consumers and expert opinion from local herbalists. The final inventory identified 147 medicinal plants from Puerto Rico. Based on a pilot community household sample surveyed in the Bayamon Municipality, seventy three percent of respondents on a 12-month recall question reported using medicinal plants for prevention and wellness or to treat their health conditions. This is the first research-oriented, medicinal plant module of its kind in Puerto Rico. The project was funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

Learning Areas:
Chronic disease management and prevention

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe the methodology utilized to create the medicinal plant module included in the culturally adapted instrument. 2. Explain the medicinal plant module used as part of the new instrument, including the identification of 147 medicinal plants used in Puerto Rico. 3. Discuss the prevalence rate of medicinal plants used in the Island and its implications for health care delivery of Latinos and other populations in the U.S.

Keywords: Alternative Medicine/Therapies, Minority Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I was the Principal Investigator of the research project reported in this poster funded by AHRQ. I have the qualifications required to conduct the project.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.