262997 Correlates of the incidence of disability and mortality among older adult Brazilians with and without diabetes mellitus and stroke

Tuesday, October 30, 2012 : 3:18 PM - 3:30 PM

Flavia Andrade, PhD , Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL
Pilar Guevara, MS , Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL
Maria Lebrao, PhD , School of Public Health, Universidade de São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Yeda Duarte, PhD , School of Nursing, Universidade de São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
The combined effect of diabetes and stroke on disability and mortality remains largely unexplored in Brazil. The sample was drawn from two waves of the Survey on Health and Well-being of the Elderly, which followed 2,143 older adults in São Paulo, Brazil from 2000 to 2006. Regression models were used to address the influence of diabetes and stroke on disability and mortality. By itself, the presence of diabetes did not increase the risk of disability or the need for assistance, however, diabetes was related to increased risks when assessed in combination with stroke. After controlling for demographic, social and health conditions, individuals who had experienced stroke but not diabetes were 3.4 times more likely to have activities of daily living (ADL) limitations than those with neither condition. This elevated risk more than doubled for those suffering from a combination of diabetes and stroke (OR 7.34, 95% CI 3.73-14.46). Similar effects were observed for severe ADL limitations and receiving ADL assistance. Over time, older adults who had experienced a stroke were at higher risk of developing ADL limitations, of remaining disabled and of mortality. However, risks were even higher for those who had experienced both diabetes and stroke. A combined history of stroke and diabetes represents a major burden on the quality of life among older adults in São Paulo. Results highlight the need for specialized health programs to assist a growing population of diabetic patients recovering from a stroke. Implications related to policy programs in Brazil are discussed.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Assess the impact of diabetes and stroke, in combination, on disability and mortality in Brazil.

Keywords: Chronic Diseases, Disability

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal investigator in a funded project related to the impact of chronic conditions and disability in Latin America and the Caribbean. In particular, I am interested in the impact of diabetes on life expectancy and healthy life expectancy.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.