263196 Engaging youth through photo voice to examine African American female adolescents' HIV risk

Tuesday, October 30, 2012 : 12:50 PM - 1:10 PM

Turquoise Griffith, MPH , Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, Unversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill- School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC
Kea Turner, MPH, MA , Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, Unversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill- School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC
Briana Woods, PhD , Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC
Alexandra Lightfoot, EdD , Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC
Photovoice is a process where individuals represent the strengths and challenges of their communities through photography. This study used photovoice methodology with 7 African American female youth, in grades eight through twelve, in an urban county in North Carolina to gain understanding of social and community issues that affect adolescents and that may be important to address in HIV/STD prevention interventions. Efforts to reduce HIV risk behavior are critically important in this urban county, where African American youth ages 15 -19 represent nearly 25% of STD cases, compared to 4% of Whites. Through their photos and ensuing photo discussions, youth identified social and community factors such as mistrust of the medical system, media influences, and social norms that negatively impact adolescent sexual behavior. Further analysis of the data revealed that lack of access to sexual health resources and quality health care services combine with social and community norms that constrain communication about sexual health within families and the larger community increased HIV/STD vulnerability in African American adolescents. In particular, lack of communication regarding sexual health contributes to misinformation shared among peers, perpetuates stigma towards individuals living with HIV, and discourages youth from engaging in HIV protective behaviors, such as being tested or seeking correct information. This session will discuss the factors that affect youth risk for HIV/STIs and present lessons learned and recommendations for research, policy and intervention development related to HIV prevention among African American youth.

Learning Areas:
Advocacy for health and health education
Public health or related education
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
1.Describe the perspectives and experiences of African American youth as it relates to HIV risk 2.Describe how mass media and peer pressure influences social norms 3.Discuss implications of youth’s experiences of medical mistrust impacts quality and access to health care

Keywords: African American, HIV Interventions

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: As a member of the research team working on this project, I have participated in protocol and focus group questionnaire design, data collection, literature reviews, and data analysis. I have also planned, implemented and analyzed the photovoice project as a part of a requirement for master’s degree. My co-presenter and I have been contributing author for presentations at other conferences.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.