263611 Oral health concerns among incarcerated youth

Monday, October 29, 2012

Susan Lovelace , Center for Healthier Communities/Anderson Center for Dental Care, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, CA
Elisabeth Lohse, RDA , Center for Healthier Communities/Anderson Center for Dental Care, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, CA
Elisa Ayala, RDA, DDS , Center for Healthier Communities/Anderson Center for Dental Care, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, CA
Incarcerated youth are an especially vulnerable population at high risk for illness and disability. Oral health is a serious problem among incarcerated populations that often is unaddressed, unreported and unresearched. Because untreated oral health problems adversely affect the ability to eat, learn, sleep and develop healthy self-esteem, they can substantially affect young people's behavior, both in and out of detention facilities, and thus should be assessed, studied and treated. Beginning in 2002, Rady Children's Hospital's Center for Healthier Communities' (CHC) Juvenile Hall Wellness Team has provided health education classes for incarcerated youth in San Diego County. In 2010 oral health education classes were added in the short-term detention facility, conducted by Oral Health Specialists from the CHC's Anderson Center for Dental Care. Over time, the content of the one-hour classes has been changed to reflect specific concerns expressed by the youth in the Q & A sessions following each class. Pre- and post-tests were conducted to determine the effectiveness of the learning experience. As of 2-9-12, a total of 541 youth have participated in the classes. In fall 2011, we submitted a request to the Probation Operations Board to conduct oral health assessments for the youth. As a pilot, Anderson Center was provided access to the long-term detention facility in November 2011. Education, referral information for use upon release and assessments for 76 youth ages 16-20 were provided. Data collected, both from the education sessions and the assessments, and recommendations for future programs will be presented.

Learning Areas:
Advocacy for health and health education
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs

Learning Objectives:
Identify specific oral health concerns of youth incarcerated for short and long-terms Compare the oral health of a sample incarcerated population with that of the general population

Keywords: Oral Health, Incarceration

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been responsible for the administration, analysis, evaluation and reporting of numerous oral health programs for the past 20 years. During that time I have designed several programs, including this one; gathered and analyzed data; and prepared data-based objective reports and recommendations for local and broader distribution.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.