263639 Male intentions to cause pregnancy: Findings from a literature review

Tuesday, October 30, 2012

Jamine Darrington Ward, MPH , Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
Brad Lian, PhD , College of Human & Environmental Services, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL
Retta Evans, PhD , Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
John Bolland, Ph.D. , College of Human & Environmental Services, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL
Reproductive health and family planning research have historically lacked a male focus. However, the last two decades saw a marked increase in efforts aimed at increasing the understanding of the complexities of the male role in reproductive health and family planning. This male-focused research still pales in comparison to the diversity of research related to the overall understanding of the female experience however, particularly as it relates to African American pregnancy intentions and rates of pregnancy for teen males. In this session, we provide an overview of studies exploring pregnancy intentions and pregnancy rates among males. Peer-reviewed literature since 1980 was examined for better understanding male pregnancy intentions and rates of (teen) pregnancy. Following an extensive literature search, only 9 studies were identified that measured self reported rates of pregnancy and/or pregnancy intentions. Studies varied widely in participant characteristics, follow-up period, and measurement of intention. This research seems to indicate a pattern whereby males who had more adverse childhood experiences, were involved in high risk behaviors, or had more positive feelings towards pregnancy, report significantly higher rates of having caused a pregnancy. We propose preliminary hypotheses based on the Theory of Planned Behavior that may assist in explaining these findings. Lastly, we use the Mobile Youth Survey to offer an example of new directions for research and practice, specifically with impoverished African American teen males, in order to better understand and address their reproductive attitudes and behaviors.

Learning Areas:
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning
Public health or related education
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Discuss factors related to males’ pregnancy intentions. Compare different definitions of teen pregnancy intentions used in the peer reviewed literature. Identify gaps in literature related to pregnancy intentions and pregnancy outcomes as reported by males.

Keywords: Male Reproductive Health, Pregnancy Outcomes

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I'm currently a student conducting research in the area of pregnancy intentions of adolescent males in preparation for my dissertation.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.