264185 A new urban health challenge facing rapidly developing countries: Reducing sky rocketing unintentional injury deaths of immigrants

Monday, October 29, 2012 : 2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

Susan M. Smith, EdD MSPH , Department of Applied Health Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, Bloomington, IN
Amina Sandal, Phd MPH , Director of Health Education Division, United Arab Emirates Medical District of Sharja, Bloomington, IN
The unintentional injury death rates of immigrants living and/or tempporarily working in rapidly developing countries are increasing in the Middle East. The problem of unintentional injury deaths of immigrants and non-citizen populations attributed to traffic accidents and falls in urbanizing regions is the focus of this presentation. An analysis of male deaths between the ages of 20-65 in the years of 2006-2008 reported for six urbanizing United Arab Emirates (UAE) medical regions will be presented as a case study. This study found 1) 73.8 % of the unintentional deaths of all males who died by frequency were immigrants and 2) the rate of unintentional injury deaths reported for male immigrants and male citizens ages 20-65 differed significantly by the specific cause of the death, The study included male deaths from Accidental Falls, Accidental Poisonings, Motor Vehicles & Traffic Accidents and Accidents & Adverse Effects. One question to be addressed Does the death rate of immigrant males differed significantly from citizen males for each of these reported causes? A finding to be discussed is the observed rate of death of UAE male immigrants (non-citizens) from accidental falls which was higher than the expected rate of accidental falls for male citizens. A discussion of recommendations based on the study will also focus on the importance of initiating strategies to reduce fatal injuries in this vulnerable group of immigrants across the world and in the United States and enhancing the type of information incorporated in surveillance systems and emphasize appropriate methods of analysis.

Learning Areas:
Administration, management, leadership
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Diversity and culture
Occupational health and safety
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
1. List and discuss the specific causes of unintentional injury deaths of immigrate males living in six of the nine urban United Arab Emirates (UAE) regional medical districts. 2. Discuss how unintentional injury fatality rates differ for immigrant males living in selected UAE Districts and citizen males by cause. 3. Explain the importance of documenting and analyzing injury or death rates using non-parametric statistics when reporting information on specific subgroups such as immigrants rather than strictly using frequency data. 4. List four recommendations for health education and injury prevention strategies that if implemented can potentially reduce the high rate of deaths for immigrants in rapidly developing and urbanizing countries in the Middle East.

Keywords: Developing Countries, Challenges and Opportunities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Dr. Smith is an Associate Professor of Safety and Health Education and the Director of the Heartland Safety Education Center at Indiana University Bloomington. She has 20 years of experience teaching and conducting research in the field of injury prevention. Dr. Smith’s areas of research and instruction include: building health education and protection strategies to reduce the rate of injuries or death within high risk groups in the United States and in rapidly developing countries
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.