265570 Nutritional Status of children with clefts in representative countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America

Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Maryanne Koech, MPH candidate 2013 , School of Health Professionals, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA
Ana Karina Lizarraga, MD , Research and Outcomes, Operation Smile, Norfolk, VA
Joe Flannery, MS, MHA , Director, Graduate Program in Public Health, Eastern Virginia Medical School/Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA
Ruben Ayala, MD , Medical Officer, Operation Smile, Norfolk, VA
William P. Magee Jr., MD , Operation Smile, Inc., Norfolk, VA
Children born with craniofacial malformations specifically cleft lip, cleft lip and palate, and isolated cleft palate, are particularly vulnerable to the effects of malnutrition. These deformities present challenges for optimum infant and young child feeding. The purpose of this study is to determine the nutritional status of children screened for surgery by Operation Smile, a children's medical charity providing free reconstructive surgery. Three indicators of malnourishment: underweight, overweight and anemia, will be determined and compared to cleft type, cleft severity and gender in selected Asian, African and Latin American countries. The study is a cross-sectional, retrospective study examining de-identified data from medical records provided by Operation Smile. A total of 1,363 de-identified patient records will be analyzed for statistical relationships between variables using World Health Organization Child Growth Standards, indicators of malnutrition. The study will serve as a basis for more thorough understanding of malnutrition among this vulnerable population. It may also guide the development of further research and creation of appropriate interventions for the prevention and treatment of malnutrition. Organizations already providing services to children with these deformities could apply the knowledge to improve their intervention strategies, enhancing optimal growth and development of all patients.

Learning Areas:
Advocacy for health and health education
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Analyze if the type of cleft, severity of cleft and/ or gender may contribute to malnourishment

Keywords: Nutrition, Birth Defects

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a current student of Eastern Virginia Medical school and an MPH candidate for 2012.My scientific interests and experinces include research at local non-profit, teaching assistant for a Global Health course and assisting in planning and co-ordinating research projects with students especially those that will ais in creating education and awareness of global health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.