265889 Periodontal disorders in young smokers, students of university in the Northern border of Mexico

Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Anitza Dominguez-Sanchez, MPH , Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Baja California, Mexicali Baja California, Mexico
Luis Alberto Gaitán-Cepeda, Dr , División de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, México, Mexico
Ana M. Valles-Medina, MPH , School of Medicine, MPH Program, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Tijuana, B.C., México, Mexico
Raúl Armando Sánchez Rubio-Carrillo, Dr , Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali Baja California, Mexico
Yolanda Bojórquez-Anaya, Dr , Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali Baja California, Mexico
Background: Smoking is considered to be a risk factor to the prevalence, extent and severity of periodontal disease. Objective: Identify periodontal disorders in a group of university students that smoke from the Northern Mexico border. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was performed in young smokers, by applying a survey to identify socio-demographic variables, oral hygiene habits, frequency and number of cigarettes smoked. Oral clinical examination was undertaken to assess conditions of teeth and periodontal tissues following specifications established by the World Health Organization. Results: 33 women and 75 males with an average age of 20.1±1.9 years raging from 17 to 25 years. On regard to the frequency of smoking, 65.9% smokes a daily average of 3.2±2.6 cigarettes, ranging from 1 to 20 cigarettes. Average years with the habit were 3.3 ±2.2, ranging from 1 to 10 years. With regard to oral hygiene habits, 8.3% brush their teeth once a day, 38% do it twice a day and the rest three times a day. Besides that 65 individuals used other auxiliary of oral hygiene. Prevalence of caries was 65.7% and periodontal disease was 93%; 50% of individuals had periodontal pockets of more than 4mm in at least one tooth, 35% had calculus and only 7% had healthy tissues. Conclusions: In this survey individuals showed a high prevalence of periodontal disorders with a strong relation with smoking, so it is required to implement dental care follow up strategies to minimize their severity for prevention and his well-being across the life.

Learning Areas:
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Other professions or practice related to public health
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related education
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
1.Illustrate periodontal characteristics in young smokers in a border city of US-Mexico 2. Characterize university Mexican student’s oral hygiene habits and oral conditions 3. Analyze characteristics and motivations of young Mexicans students about tobacco consummation and its impact on periodontal tissues.

Keywords: Tobacco, Oral Health Needs

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified because i'm a teacher at UABC in Mexico and i have the Master Degree in Public Health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.