266374 Health and Community-Based Planning in the Creation of Transit Oriented Districts in South Los Angeles

Tuesday, October 30, 2012 : 11:30 AM - 11:50 AM

LaVonna B. Lewis, PhD , Policy, Planning, and Development, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
David C. Sloane, PhD , Price School of Public Policy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
Lark Galloway-Gilliam, MPA , Community Health Councils, Inc., Los Angeles, CA
Gwendolyn Flynn , REACH US Project, Community Health Councils, Inc., Los Angeles, CA
Anthony Crump , Community Health and Education, Community Health Councils, Los Angeles, CA
Mark Glassock, MPH , Community Health and Education, Community Health Councils, Los Angeles, CA
Research demonstrates that the ability to live a healthy and active lifestyle is determined largely by the places we live, work and play our built environment. After years of neglect, many poor planning decisions are now reflected in the health of our communities. Built out, vulnerable communities like South Los Angeles face even greater challenges. This presentation discusses and evaluates a community-based planning effort in South LA to develop a planning framework that supports health.

In 2010, Community Health Councils, Inc., with funding from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, partnered with the Los Angeles Department of City Planning and the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health to design and implement a community-based planning program to create 10 Transit-Oriented Districts (TODs) in South LA. The result of this multi-agency, multijurisdictional effort was a program that educated and engaged stakeholders while producing policy tools that encourages a healthy lifestyle. Using pedestrian and bicycle audits, residents identified barriers to physical activity and policies that would encourage active transportation. In visioning exercises, residents articulated their short and long-term vision for their community. The resulting plan for each TOD contains zone changes, design guidelines and supporting policies. Mindful of the unintended consequences of TODs seen in other communities, policies aimed at minimizing displacement and encouraging the development of grocery stores, open space and pedestrian/bicycle enhancements are also included.

In this challenging economic climate, municipalities, public health agencies and community advocates need to engage in innovative partnerships in order to create healthier communities.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Other professions or practice related to public health
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
Design a community-based planning process that leverages urban planning tools in vulnerable communities. Formulate innovative policy solutions to address planning challenges in vulnerable communities. Learn to use assessment data to initiate policy changes in planning and land-use policies.

Keywords: Planning, Environment

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I served as the Initiative Coordinator for the RENEW-TOD Community Engagement Process and currently lead the Coalition for an Active South LA. The Coalition engages in efforts to integrate health and environmental policy into land use management, community planning, and urban design. The Coalition's goal is to increase physical activity opportunities by working to transform the physical and built environments to encourage a safe, well-rounded, and healthy lifestyle.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.