266811 Those at highest risk for HIV due to drug use among migrant workers

Tuesday, October 30, 2012

Nancy Shehadeh, PhD, CHES , Robert Stempel College of Public Health & Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL
H. Virginia McCoy, PhD , Robert Stempel School of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL
Muni Rubens, MBBS, MPH , Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL
Background: Migrant workers (MW) have been reported to consume high levels of illegal substances as a coping measure for their unstable lifestyle. The consumption of such illegal substances have been associated with risky sexual behaviors which increase the likelihood of HIV and STI transmission.

Methods: Baseline data (n=431) was used from an ongoing HIV/AIDS intervention study among MWs in Immokalee, Florida. The sample was composed of African American and Hispanics. The dependent variables examined were age of first use, the number of times of use for marijuana and crack, and number of unprotected vagina acts.

Results: The MW sample was composed of only African American and Hispanic participants which were further divided into four groups: African American males (22.3%, n=96), African American females (15.1%, n=65), Hispanic males (50.3%, n=217), and Hispanic females (12.3%, n=53). Hispanic females were found to have tried marijuana at about 15 years (F = 5.538, p=0.001) and crack at the 26 years of age (F=2.727, p=0.044). Hispanic females reported consuming crack the most number of times in the last 30 days, reaching about 33 times (F=5.210, p=0.002). Hispanic females reported highest number of unprotected vaginal acts (F=7.210, p<0.01) out of the four groups assessed.

Conclusion: The results categorize Hispanic females as one of the highest HIV risk groups among the groups examined due to use of illegal substances. Such findings demonstrate the need for vigorous intervention efforts to address a reduction in illegal substance among Hispanic females.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related education
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
-Formulate better understanding of ethnic groups at highest risk of contracting the HIV infection and/or sexually transmitted infections. -Provide a description how ethnicity by gender groups may differ in drug use and HIV risk.

Keywords: HIV Risk Behavior, HIV/AIDS

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract Author on the content I am responsible for because I was involved in the actual project as well as being responsible for the statistical analyses conducted in the is abstract.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.