267203 Strategies for improving health disparities among disadvantaged populations

Tuesday, October 30, 2012 : 5:00 PM - 5:15 PM

Karen Bouye, PhD, MPH, MS , Office of Minority Health and Health Disparities/OD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Leandris Liburd, PhD, MPH , Office of Minority Health and Health Disparities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Background:In January 2011, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released its first report, highlighting health disparities by sex, race and ethnicity, income, education, disability status and geographic location as a supplement to the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). The report addresses disparities in health care access, exposure to environmental hazards, mortality, morbidity, behavioral risk factors, preventive health services and social determinants of health. Since the report's release, CDC has received numerous inquiries asking how the report's 22 topic areas are being addressed. CDC's Office of Minority Health and Health Equity (OMHHE) is preparing to publish a summary of the most comprehensive, effective CDC programs in addressing health disparities as a program response. Methods: The OMHHE convened a CDC multidisciplinary workgroup of anthropologists, scientists, epidemiologists, and public health advisors to establish procedures and criteria for the program response. The programs selected addressed a specific disparity, provided a description of the intervention, described the outcome assessment and demonstrated the effectiveness of program findings. Results: Twenty-five programs with reductions in health disparities by race/ethnicity, were identified as meeting criteria established by the workgroup. These programs included strategies to prevent and control heart disease and stroke, HIV/AIDS, homicides, obesity, smoking and tobacco use, suicides, and unintentional injuries. Conclusions: These effective CDC programs will serve as guides for planning, prioritizing, implementing, and evaluating programs to improve the health status of minority communities. Summaries of these programs can serve as a catalyst for policy individual- and community-level improvements in health.

Learning Areas:
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related education

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify successful programs for reducing health disparities. 2. Describe successful outcomes of programs that are effective in reducing health disparities. 3. Demonstrate that health outcomes of minority communities can be improved.

Keywords: Health Disparities, Interventions

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Dr. Karen Bouye serves as the Senior Advisor for Research,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Minority Health and Health Equity. She serves as a health disparities researcher, evaluator, project lead, and project officer for minority health initiatives. She presents research findings and leads research projects. She works on numerous work groups, committees and teams inside and outside CDC. Dr. Bouye has over 21 years of experience in the field of public health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.