267639 Achievement of Healthy People 2020 influenza vaccination goals in a healthcare professional university program

Sunday, October 28, 2012

Mark P. Walberg, PharmD, PhD , Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA
Rajul A. Patel, PharmD, PhD , Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA
Objectives: Influenza vaccination rates remain below goals set forth in Health People 2020 for many groups including young adults and healthcare providers. This study sought to examine the improvement in influenza vaccination rates among students enrolled in a Doctor of Pharmacy program by removing certain barriers to access. Moreover, students' attitudes regarding immunization delivery services were assessed. Methods: Pharmacy students (n=439) at the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences were offered free influenza vaccines between September and December 2011. A follow-up survey was administered to pharmacy students in January 2012 to: 1) assess their level of satisfaction with the vaccination program, 2) determine their attitudes regarding the influenza vaccine, and 3) determine their willingness to pay for the influenza vaccine had it not been provided for free. Results: In the year preceding this program, 185 (42%) pharmacy students were vaccinated against the influenza virus. Between September and December 2011, 425 (96.8%) pharmacy students were vaccinated. The vaccination survey was completed by 237 students (54% of those vaccinated). Seventy-six students (32%) indicated that this was their first time receiving the influenza vaccine as an adult. Additionally, 58 (25%) students revealed that this was their first lifetime dose of the influenza vaccine. Eighty-four percent of respondents rated the program as being extremely convenient. Students' median willingness to pay for the influenza vaccine was $20 (mean [SD]: $19.61 [$22.72]). Conclusion: Goals set by Healthy People 2020 were achieved for healthcare students through the provision of a free-of-charge influenza vaccination program.

Learning Areas:
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs

Learning Objectives:
1) Describe a university-based immunization program for healthcare students 2) Assess barriers for and attitudes regarding influenza vaccination in healthcare students

Keywords: Immunizations, College Students

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I direct the immunizations program at the University of the Pacific Thomas J Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences. I supervised the delivery of or directly provided vaccinations to the students in this study. I am a practicing pharmacist and certified by the American Pharmacists Association as a certified immunizer and faculty trainer. I also hold a Certificate of Knowledge in Travel Health® from the International Society of Travel Medicine.
Any relevant financial relationships? Yes

Name of Organization Clinical/Research Area Type of relationship
Merck Vaccines Speaker's bureau and teaching engagements

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.