267854 Baseline gender differences of parolees and probationers participating in a randomized trial of HIV testing

Monday, October 29, 2012

Monique Wilson, DrPH , Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD
Michael Gordon, DPA , Research Scientist, Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD
Timothy Kinlock, PhD , Senior Research Scientist, Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD
Michelle McKenzie, MPH , Alpert School of Medicine, The Miriam Hospital/Brown University, Providence, RI
Jennifer Olson , Alpert School of Medicine, The Miriam Hospital/Brown University, Providence, RI
Josiah Rich, MD, MPH , Medicine and Community Health, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI
Background: HIV testing, prevention, and treatment have been ignored among community corrections populations. Many of these individuals are not tested and are at increased risk for contracting and transmitting HIV. Among individuals who are HIV positive, many are not engaging in care. Through Seek, Test, and Treat (STT) grants, NIDA aims to encourage research that expands HIV testing, therapy, transmission reduction efforts as well as increasing engagement in treatment among historically high-risk populations. A systematic examination of the role of gender in evaluating the effectiveness of on-site HIV testing for probationers and parolees is vitally important to determine the extent to which gender impacts HIV testing in this population. Methods: The parent study examines the feasibility of HIV testing among community corrections populations using a randomized controlled study of on-site versus off-site testing. The current study examines: 1) baseline gender differences of those agreeing to be randomized for HIV testing versus those that refused randomization; and 2) the reasons individuals refused HIV testing. This poster will present preliminary data on the first 1000 participants who provided consent and completed baseline assessments. Results: Results indicate that female participants were more likely to agree to be randomized for HIV testing (68%) as compared to males (54.6%) [p = .008]. Furthermore, the majority of participants refused randomization reported they were tested within the past year and did not feel they needed to be tested again. Conclusions: Preliminary analysis suggests gender may play a role in an individual's decision to be tested for HIV.

Learning Areas:
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Evaluate gender differences in willingness to be tested for HIV among male and female parolees and probationers.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Gender

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am currently the Project Manager on an HIV Seek, Test and Treat federally funded grant aimed at determing the feasibility of offering testing and linkage to HIV treatment among parolees and probationers in a randomized controlled trial. Among my scientific interests has been exploring HIV risk behaviors in high risk populations.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.