268296 Factors associated with violence-related injuries among youths in Omaha, Nebraska

Tuesday, October 30, 2012

Leah Carpenter, BS , College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE
Lina Lander, ScD , Department of Epidemiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE
Rosa Gofin, MD, MPH, Professor , Health Promotion, Social and Behavioral Health, College of Public Health, Omaha, NE
Melissa Tibbits, PhD , Health Promotion, Social & Behavioral Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE
Youth violence is the leading cause of injury and death among adolescents between the ages of 10 and 24. The number of violence-related injuries treated in emergency departments in the U.S. has steadily increased in the last few years, from 656,000 in 2007 to nearly 2 million cases per year in 2009. An increase in youth violence in Omaha, NE, has created the need to better understand the risk factors associated with violent-related incidents. Trauma data from one medical center were used to identify risk factors associated with violence-related injuries and their outcomes for youth ages 10-25 from 2002 to 2010. Patients admitted for violence-related injuries were compared to those of patients admitted for non-violence-related injuries, occurring within the same age group in Omaha, NE. A total of 1478 records were obtained from the trauma registry. Of this sample, 376 patients (25%) were admitted for violence-related injuries. Fifty-two percent of these injuries were due to gunshots. The proportion of males was higher in the violence-related injury group (84% vs. 65%, p<0.001). Black patients (55%) constituted the majority of the violence-related injury group. Drug use was 9% higher among those hospitalized for violence-related injuries (22% vs. 13%, p=0.002). By identifying characteristics of those involved in violence-related incidents, prevention strategies will be developed and evaluated. The use of qualitative and quantitative data for prevention program development will be discussed.

Learning Areas:
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify risk factors that are associated with violence-related injuries, and their outcomes for patients 10-25 years of age, during 2002-2010, and within Omaha, NE. 2. Compare characteristics of those involved in violence related injuries, to those involved in nonviolence-related injuries. 3. Formulate appropriate prevention strategies based on characteristics identified among the violence-related injury group.

Keywords: Youth Violence, Data/Surveillance

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have a BS from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. I am currently an MPH candidate at the University of Nebraska Medical Center. I have been working on this project for the past year. I analyzed the data and prepared the report.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

Back to: 4171.0: Data and Methods posters