268467 Linkages between knowledge and behavioral intentions following an HIV/AIDS educational intervention in an urban men who have sex with men (MSM) population

Monday, October 29, 2012

Julie Gleason-Comstock, PhD , Center for Urban Studies, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
Alicia Streater, Phd , Center for Urban Studies, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
James Janisse, PhD , Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
Mark F. Sorbo, MPH , Center for Urban Studies, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI
HIV/AIDS remains a significant health problem in the United States. This intervention is designed to reduce and prevent the transmission and spread of HIV/AIDS in Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) populations. The purpose of this project is to examine knowledge and self-reported intentions to engage in risk behaviors related to HIV/AIDS. The survey instruments were designed to measure knowledge levels, perceptions, and behavioral intentions related to HIV/AIDS at baseline and following intervention. The research design focused on comparing responses and outcomes within and between three self-identified groups: Transgendered, Bisexual, and Homosexual. Several types of data analysis were used to test research hypotheses. These include psychometric tests, descriptive statistics, chi-square, mixed design analyses of variance, and Pearson's correlations. Several group differences were found, including lower knowledge and behavioral intentions among the transgendered group, and higher behavioral intentions among the bisexual group. Following intervention, all groups demonstrated significant increases in their knowledge of HIV/AIDS risks and transmission pathways, and intentions to engage in protective behaviors and refrain from risky behaviors. A direct relationship was also found between HIV/AIDS knowledge scores and intentions to reduce risk behaviors. This project demonstrates that interventions focusing on risk reduction and management can produce significant increases in knowledge and behavioral intentions to reduce sexual risks following intervention. With a focus on transgendered and bisexual populations, and their associated knowledge and behaviors, this study can inform the MSM community, and shape future HIV/AIDS research and intervention practices.

Learning Areas:
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Protection of the public in relation to communicable diseases including prevention or control

Learning Objectives:
Compare differences in HIV/AIDS knowledge and behaviors between self-identified homosexual, transgendered, and bisexual MSM individuals. Identify how knowledge levels and risk perceptions are associated with decreased HIV/AIDS risk factors and behavioral intentions. Discuss how questions designed to identify gender and sexual orientation can impact groupings in MSM populations.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Health Education Strategies

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal investigator and co-pi for federal and state grants on public health research. My scientific interests include public health education and HIV/AIDS research.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

Back to: 3405.0: Sexual Risk Reduction