268742 Turkish and American Undergraduate Nursing Students' Attitudes Toward HIV/AIDS Patients: A Comparative Study

Tuesday, October 30, 2012 : 8:50 AM - 9:10 AM

A. Serdar Atav, PhD , Decker School of Nursing, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY
Merdiye Sendir, PhD , Florence Nightingale School of Nursing, Istanbul University, Sisli - Istanbul, Turkey
Maria Wheelock, MSN, NP , Decker Shool of Nursing, Binghamton University, Syracuse, NY
HIV/AIDS is a complex pandemic that continues to threaten much of the world's population. Health care professionals have significant responsibility in the fight against HIV/AIDS and previous research has shown that negative attitudes affect the quality of care health care professionals provide to HIV/AIDS. Nurses are in a key position to care for patients with HIV/AIDS and to provide education and counseling to the public to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. These patients' complex physical and psychological problems and needs require care by nurses who are knowledgeable and competent, and who do not have prejudices. The purpose of this study is to assess and compare attitudes of undergraduate nursing students toward patients with HIV/AIDS. To this end, 372 Turkish and 241 American undergraduate nursing students were surveyed using the AIDS Attitude Scale (AAS). The validity and the reliability of the original and the translated AAS instrument have been established in previous research. Initial analyses indicate that the American undergraduate nursing students have more positive attitudes toward HIV/AIDS patients than their Turkish counterparts. Within the American cohort, Caucasian students reported more positive attitudes than other groups, whereas among the Turkish students, younger students reported more positive attitudes. It is important to identify nursing students' perceptions of HIV/AIDS issues in their educational process so that appropriate educational interventions can be designed to improve the care of such patients. It is these students who may hold leadership positions in the future as public health nurses in providing quality health care to HIV/AIDS patients.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Public health or related education
Public health or related nursing

Learning Objectives:
1. Assess Turkish and American undergraduate students' attitudes toward HIV/AIDS patients. 2. Compare Turkish and American undergraduate students' attitudes toward HIV/AIDS patients. 2. Identify significant demographic and background factors that the affect attitudes toward HIV/AIDS patients. 3. Discuss how results of such comparative studies can be utilized to make improvements in the undergraduate curricula.

Keywords: Public Health Nursing, Education

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am an associate professor at the Decker School of Nursing and have been working on public health issues for the last 25 years with numerous publications and presentations.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.