269124 Epidemiology of Asthma and Applying Evidence-based Science for Asthma Control

Wednesday, October 31, 2012 : 1:30 PM - 1:45 PM

Rachael Tracy, MPH , National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD
A snapshot of the epidemiology of asthma shows that this disease is still increasing in the United States; asthma prevalence rose from 1 in 14 people (about 20 million) in 2001 to 1 in 12 people (about 25 million) in 2009. Even with the current improvements in asthma care due to advances in asthma research and dissemination, much remains to be done with 1.75 million emergency department visits, 456,000 hospitalizations, and nearly $16 billion in direct medical costs each year attributable to uncontrolled asthma. In addition, asthma disparities persist, particularly in African American and Puerto Rican communities. The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program's (NAEPP) National Asthma Control Initiative (NACI), coordinated by the National Health, Lung, and Blood Institute, funded 28 projects to put science-based interventions into practice and evaluate their effectiveness. This session will present outcomes and lessons learned from their experiences in advancing best practices, including six priority NAEPP-recommended actions. Projects include clinician maintenance of certification and training in guidelines-based care, spirometry, communication, and cultural competency; EMRs and decision-support tools; patient education, home visits, and environmental assessments; and school, childcare, and community health worker interventions. Participants will be able to identify the six priority NAEPP-recommended actions for asthma control and to apply NACI tools and lessons learned to improve the capacity of the public health workforce to address asthma. They will also be able to discuss the latest asthma epidemiology, how the NAEPP interventions were applied in the field, and how to incorporate lessons learned to their own programs and policies.

Learning Areas:
Basic medical science applied in public health
Chronic disease management and prevention
Clinical medicine applied in public health
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe how to apply the latest asthma epidemiology and research. 2. Identify and design science-based strategies to reduce asthma morbidity and mortality. 3. Demonstrate how to remove barriers to the delivery of guidelines-based asthma care.

Keywords: Asthma, Evidence Based Practice

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I coordinate the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) and its National Asthma Control Initiative (NACI) at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, focusing on the development of programs, research, and clinical asthma guidelines to guide practice and materials and tools to help patients improve asthma self-management behaviors and adherence. I also coordinate chronic disease activities for diverse populations. I have a Masters of Public Health degree in Health Promotion and Disease Prevention.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

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