270196 Assessing internal resiliency factors among Puerto Rican psychiatric outpatients

Monday, October 29, 2012 : 9:30 AM - 9:50 AM

Rut García-Robles, PhD , Clinical Psychology, Private practice, Arecibo, PR
Sean Sayers, PhD , Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC
Resiliency is the capacity that human beings have to confront, deal, manage, and overcome successfully any situation (García & Sayers, 2009). Resilient people are able to experience pleasure and other positive emotions (Skodol, 2010). The purpose of this research study was to assess internal resiliency factors among Puerto Ricans with clinical psychiatric symptoms in order to understand how they cope with the problems that surround them. One-hundred patients (50 outpatients and 50 from partial hospitalization), men and women, 21 years of age and older, who live in Puerto Rico completed demographic information and the Internal Resilience Factors Scale (IRFS) (García & Sayers, 2010). The IRFS evaluates seven areas: Spirituality, Satisfaction, Problem Management, Emotional Stability, Optimism, Autonomy, and Insight. Participants' mean scores on the IRFS indicate that patients show higher scores on Spirituality, Satisfaction and Problem Management and lower scores on Autonomy, Insight and Emotional Stability. Interesting enough, 43% of the patients reported that they do not participate in any type of extracurricular activities. The results of our study can provide information in helping us understand what internal resilience factors should be of focus in therapy when promoting well-being among Puerto Rican psychiatric outpatients. If strengths are used to strengthen weaknesses, it is possible to help Puerto Rican psychiatric outpatients to live a healthy life, resulting in personal growth and better coping skills. Results from the study can be used, not only to promote mental health in those with psychiatric diagnoses, but also to prevent others from developing psychopathology.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify internal resilience factors that are strengths and weaknesses among Puerto Rican outpatients. 2. Discuss how resilience factors should be used to promote patient well-being during therapy.

Keywords: Latino Mental Health, Risk Factors

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from an accredited APA psychology program. For the last 3 years I have worked with internal resilience factors with Puerto Rican adults (non-clinical and clinical). I also developed the Internal Resilience Factor Scale (IRFS), which is reliable and valid, with the Puerto Rican adult population. I have also presented at professional meetings and published in peer-reviewed journals research findings from previous studies on resilience.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.