270450 Work-related violence experienced by San Francisco taxi drivers

Sunday, October 28, 2012

Barbara Burgel, RN, PhD, COHN-S, FAAN , Department of Community Health Systems, University of California San Francisco School of Nursing, San Francisco, CA
Mary C. White, MPH, PhD, FAAN , Community Health Systems, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
Marion Gillen, MPH, PhD , Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA
Aims: 1. To measure prevalence of work-related violence (defined as a physical assault, robbery, or being confronted with a weapon) in taxi drivers. 2. To describe socio-demographic and work factors associated with violence. 3. To determine if night driving is associated with a higher prevalence of violence. Methods: This was a descriptive study with personal interviews conducted with 130 taxi drivers. Results: 130 drivers participated, representing 10 different taxi companies. The sample was male (94%), age 45, married (54%), born outside of the USA (55%), with 24% speaking Arabic as the primary language at home. 51% were night drivers, driving on average 9.7 years and 41 hours/week. 51% reported their taxi driving income as insufficient; 19% held a second job; 58% had no health insurance. 48% reported violence, experiencing physical assault, being confronted with a weapon, or being robbed during taxi driving careers. Violence reports were significantly lower in those born outside the USA (p=0.002), and for primary Arabic speakers (p=0.013). In the prior 12 months, 12%of drivers were physically assaulted, 8% were robbed, and 6% reported being confronted with a weapon. Driving at night posed additional risk: a higher prevalence (8% vs. 3% in day drivers) of being confronted by a weapon per year of driving (p=0.040), and a higher number of physical assaults in the prior 12 months (p=0.047). Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of work-related violence from driving a taxi in San Francisco. Strategies are needed to prevent violence in all taxi drivers, particularly night drivers.

Learning Areas:
Occupational health and safety

Learning Objectives:
1. To describe socio-demographic and work factors associated with violence in taxi drivers. 2. To compare the prevalence of work-related violence (defined as a physical assault, robbery, or being confronted with a weapon) in taxi drivers who drive day and night shifts.

Keywords: Occupational Health, Violence

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: As an occupational health nurse practitioner, educator and researcher, I have worked with primarily low wage and immigrant worker groups since 2000 including garment workers, janitors, hotel room cleaners, and since 2009, taxi drivers. I have completed two studies with taxi drivers, using mixed methods, which describe health and safety perceptions, health and safety self-care strategies, perceptions of unfairness and discrimination and associations with low back pain, and factors associated with violence prevalence.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.