270923 Reproductive Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, and Health-Seeking Behaviors of Nigerian-Born Immigrant Women in Metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A

Monday, October 29, 2012 : 9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

Angela Doyinsola Aina, MPH , Master of Public Health Program, Department of Community Health and Preventive Medicine, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
Background: According to WHO reproductive tract infections are endemic in many developing countries; and control of RTIs, especially STIs, are an urgent priority for many countries where the prevalence rates are high. Within the research literature, there's strong evidence that infertility in Africa is largely due to untreated RTIs. This is an area where the ability to have children is held in high regard among many cultures. Given the magnitude of reproductive health problems in Africa, specifically Nigeria, little is known about these issues among Nigerian immigrants in the U.S. Methods: A cross-sectional mixed-method approach was conducted in three phases: construction of the survey, two focus group discussions, and questionnaire dissemination among target population. Results: Both focus groups responded positively to the initial questionnaire. However, focus group II provided constructive belief and attitude themes around gender roles, condom usage, STIs, and infertility that were included in the final version of the questionnaire. 180 respondents completed the 87-item questionnaire. Over 70% correctly answered 13 out of 14 knowledge questions, 41% indicated having never received an STI test since migrating to the U.S., while majority disagreed with many socio-cultural belief statements presented on the questionnaire. Conclusions: Cultural beliefs and practices that impact Nigerian immigrants health-seeking behaviors are still of important interest, especially if such practices and beliefs may have a negative impact on their health. Implications: Future studies should tailor health education interventions to encourage STI testing among married individuals, since they may not perceive themselves as being at risk for STIs.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Discuss the attitudes, beliefs, health-seeking behaviors, and socio-cultural experiences of Nigerian-born immigrant women in regards to their reproductive health.

Keywords: Immigrant Women, Reproductive Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have earned my graduate degree credentials by completing all course work and research requirements necessary for a master's in public health. I have over four years experience with designing, modifying, and assisting in behavioral health interventions curriculums on different health issues, including HIV/AIDS, cervical cancer, violence and substance abuse prevention. Additionally, I was the lead principal investigator and was deemed qualified to conduct this study through the IRB at Morehouse School of Medicine.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.