271155 Heart of a Woman: Perception of CVD risk among women of African descent

Tuesday, October 30, 2012 : 3:30 PM - 3:50 PM

Lakeisha Lubin , Community Health Empowerment, Arthur Ashe Institute for Urban Health, Brooklyn, NY
Marilyn A. Fraser-White, MD , Arthur Ashe Institute for Urban Health, Brooklyn, NY
Calpurnyia Roberts, Phd , ARTHUR ASHE INSTITUTE FOR URBAN HEALTH, Brooklyn, NY
Shonnette Campbell , Community Health Empowerment, Arthur Ashe Institute for Urban Health, Brooklyn, NY
Allison Braham , Community Outreach, Arthur Ashe Institute for Urban Health, Brooklyn, NY
Michael Joseph, PhD, MPH , Master of Public Health Program, SUNY Downstate Medical Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, NY
Ruth C. Browne, ScD , Arthur Ashe Institute for Urban Health, Brooklyn, NY
Background: Women of African descent are more likely to be under diagnosed or untreated for cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared to White women. Possessing one risk factor can significantly increase a person's chance of developing CVD. Although knowledge of heart disease has grown among women of African descent, it is unknown whether they perceive that having a risk factor increase their risk for CVD. Therefore we focused on increasing awareness of CVD risk factors to address risk perception. Methods: Arthur Ashe Institute for Urban Health, a community-based organization, recruited female customers (n=338) from hair salons (n=16) in Brooklyn, NY as part of an intervention to raise awareness of CVD. Customers (n=155) were randomly selected from salons (n=8) to obtain self-reported data of risk factors (e.g. BMI and family history of CVD) at baseline. Results: 90% were less than 49 years of age, college graduates (69%); 54% were overweight; and 25% had a family history of CVD. The majority of the women already had general knowledge of CVD (90%), and ways to reduce CVD (98%). However, regarding perception of risk, nearly 25% of women who had BMI ≥25kg/m 2 were not aware of their chances of CVD compared to 54% with normal BMI (p-value <.0001). The result were similar to those with family history of CVD (p-value <.0001). Conclusion: Women who are at risk and have knowledge of CVD may not perceive themselves to be susceptible to CVD. Increase awareness among women of African descent is needed to address perception of CVD.

Learning Areas:
Advocacy for health and health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Public health or related education
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. Discuss how women of African descent perception of CVD may increase risk for heart disease. 2. Explore the relationship between women’s perception and their knowledge of CVD 3. Describe a salon-base intervention that addresses perception of CVD

Keywords: Risk Factors, Heart Disease

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have more than 5 years experience in laboratory and social behavioral research. I acquired a B.S. in Business Management and Biology. I am currently responsible for planning and implementing community research based outreach programs in non-traditional setting such as barbershops and salons. I currently manage a heart health program and a reentry program that improve the feasibility of access to health and social resources for formerly incarcerated individuals and their families in Brooklyn, NY.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.