273375 Adolescent Gang Development: An Epidemiological Criminology Approach

Tuesday, October 30, 2012 : 9:10 AM - 9:30 AM

Paul Archibald, DrPh , Glass Health Programs, Inc., Charles H. Hickey, Jr. School, Baltimore, MD
Former Surgeon General C. Everett Koop, MD, ScD, issued a call to the healthcare community in 1991 (more than ten years ago): "The professions of medicine, nursing, and the health-related social services must come forward and recognize violence as their issue and one that profoundly affects the public health." According to the World Health Organization, significant gains have been made in epidemiology to understand risk factors for violence and to apply prevention strategies. However, the effectiveness of gang prevention and intervention strategies used to reduce affiliation and manage youth gang-related activities, is questionable. This is mainly due to the complex and comprehensive processes of gang development that must be understood in a public health criminogenic context. Gang members are afflicted by pathologies and the violence associated with those pathologies is a public health issue with some remedies rooted in public health criminogenic research. In this session, participants will learn about (1) criminogenic factors, i.e., cognitive distortions, which refer to values, attitudes or behaviors that lead to or cause crime; (2) criminogenic traits, i.e., temperament, that if left unaddressed increase the likelihood that the offender will continue to engage in criminal activities; and (3) criminogenic needs, i.e., criminal personality; antisocial attitudes; values, and beliefs; low self-control; criminal peers; substance abuse; and dysfunctional family, which are dynamic risk factors, that when addressed, affect the youth offender's risk for recidivism.

Learning Areas:
Program planning
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe the criminogenic factors, traits and needs of gang affiliated youth offenders

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a clinically licensed and certified public health social worker who has been providing individual and group gang prevention and intervention modalities for the past six years in juvenile detention settings. I also have provided gang trainings entitled: Adolescent Gang Development/Essentials for Social Work Practice to social workers at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.