274639 Patterns of modifiable behaviors for cancer prevention among native and foreign-born vulnerable populations

Monday, October 29, 2012 : 8:30 AM - 8:50 AM

Patricia Y. Miranda, PhD, MPH , Department of Health Policy and Administration, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
Carol S. Weisman, PhD , Department of Health Evaluation Sciences, Pennsylvania State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA
Marianne Hillemeier, PhD, MPH , Heatlh Policy and Administration, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
Rhonda Belue, PhD , Health Policy and Administration, Penn State University, University Park, PA
Shedra Amy Snipes, PhD , Health and Human Development, Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA
Eugene J. Lengerich, VMD, MS , Epidemiology Division, Public Health Sciences, Penn State University, Hershey, PA
Overall, individuals from vulnerable populations groups who are less integrated because of their ethnicity/race, citizenship, or economic status are more likely to be diagnosed with advanced stages of cancer, suffer from larger tumors, and experience higher rates of cancer mortality. Individual behaviors have been shown to modify these risks. For example, lower rates of cancer screening and higher rates of obesity, sedentary lifestyle and smoking are described as independent risk factors for multiple cancers. To understand the link between behavior and cancer risk among vulnerable groups, specifically immigrants, this study links data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (years 2000-2008) to the National Health Interview Survey to examine patterns and identify predictors of modifiable behaviors for cancer prevention among U.S. adults aged 18 years and older (N=190,965). This work provides a foundation for translation into future community-engaged interventions for cancer prevention among U.S.- and foreign-born vulnerable populations, whose communities hold a disproportionate burden of cancer health disparities that may be largely explained by social and behavioral determinants of health that inequitably impact modifiable risk factors for cancer prevention.

Learning Areas:
Chronic disease management and prevention
Diversity and culture
Epidemiology
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
1. To describe patterns of modifiable behaviors for cancer prevention among vulnerable populations 2. To identify disparities in modifiable risk factors among vulnerable populations 3. To identify policy implications of disparities affecting vulnerable populations.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have published numerous articles on health disparities affecting vulnerable populations, and am currently funded to further explore national patterns of modifiable risk factors for cancer prevention.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.