Differences in substance use and mental health symptoms among female and male active duty personnel

William Higgins, Ph.D1, Jacqueline Pflieger, Ph.D.1, Frances Barlas, Ph.D.1, Diana Jeffery, Ph.D.2, Mark Mattiko, M.Ed.3, Benedict Diniega, M.D.4 and Maureen Forsythe5
(1)ICF International, Fairfax, VA, (2)TRICARE Management Activity, Falls Church, VA, (3)United States Coast Guard, Washington, DC, (4)Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, Falls Church, VA, (5)TRICARE Management Activity (DHCAPE), Falls Church, VA