Utility of the college alcohol problem scale for use with students with disabilities
Tuesday, November 5, 2013
This research sought to evaluate the utility of the College Alcohol Problem Scale (CAPS) with a national sample of 952 college students with disabilities (SWDs). The CAPS is a frequently used tool to determine problematic drinking by college students. The CAPS' effectiveness with a number of unique student populations, including those who have been adjudicated for campus alcohol use policies and ethnic minorities, has been demonstrated. To date, however, no research has appeared to demonstrate its effectiveness with college SWDs. College SWDs, regardless of their tendency to use or misuse alcohol, face numerous challenges and impediments that place them at increased risk for school failure and drop-out. It stands to reason that these students would be at even greater risk for academic problems and other negative consequences if they engage in the types of alcohol use and misuse common to the college student population as a whole. It is therefore important to determine if the CAPS is appropriate for use with this population. In this research, we evaluated the CAPS for its reliability and accuracy by calculating its sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and likelihood ratios using DSM criteria for alcohol abuse as the reference standard. Further, we compared the CAPS to two other widely used devices; the CAGE (Concerned, Annoyed, Guilty, Eye-Opener) and the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT). The CAPS was found to be a highly reliable device that strongly correlated to DSM criteria.
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Public health or related research
Discuss the strengths of the College Alcohol Problem Scale for use with college students with disabilities.
Explain variations in effectiveness of the College Alcohol Problem Scale, the CAGE, and the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test for use with college students with disabilities.
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use, Disability
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the PI on the federal grant that provide this data. I designed and implemented the research plan, co-ran the data, and co-authored all findings.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.